Vibration Compliance Testing of Shipping Containers
The ASTM D999 vibration package test method covers vibration tests of filled shipping containers. These tests may be used to assess the performance of a container. The interior packing and means of closure will be assessed, both in terms of its strength and of the protection it provides its contents when it is subjected to vibration such as it experiences in transportation.
The ASTM D999 package testing laboratory procedures are suitable for testing containers of any form. The material, kind, design of interior packing, means of closure, and any size and weight are all considered. ASTM D999 vibration testing of shipping containers is not intended to determine the response of products to vibration for product design purposes.
This vibration testing standard is also not intended for tests of products in their operational configuration. There are other more suitable procedures are available for these purposes.
Scope of ASTM Integrity Testing for Shipping Containers
This packaging test standard is suitable for testing containers of any form, material, kind, design of interior packing, means of closure, size, and weight. ASTM-D-999 testing includes four methods:
A1: Repetitive shock test (vertical motion) – These tests are suitable for tests of individual containers that are transported unrestrained on the bed of a vehicle. These tests are suitable for containers that are subjected to repetitive shocks due to magnification of vibrations in unit loads or stacks.
A2: Repetitive shock test (rotary motion) – This method is identical to method A1. The difference is the vibration motion. Even though there are similarities, the results of these two methods may not correlate with each other.
B: Single container resonance test – This method is ideal for individual containers and their internal packaging to protect the contents from vibration. The vibration is generated from transportation and the focus is on the resonant responses.
C: Palletized load, unitized load, or vertical resonance test – This method focuses on the resonance frequency of palletized loads and multiple-unit stacked loads. The goal is to determine if the strength of the container is sufficient to withstand dynamic loads when stacked.
For other vibration package integrity tests, please follow the links below:
- ASTM D999-08: Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers
- ASTM D999-68: Vibration Testing
- ASTM D3580: Vertical Linear Motion
- ASTM D4728: Random Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers
- ASTM D5112: Vibration (Horizontal Linear Motion) Testing of Products
- IEC 60068-2-64 Vibration Testing
- ISO 8318 Vibration Testing Using Variable Frequencies
- ISO 13355 Vertical Random Vibration Testing
Expert Regulatory Compliance Lab
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For more information on our capabilities, please contact us. If you are ready to see firsthand why so many companies rely on Keystone Compliance for their ASTM D-999 vibration testing, please request a quote.
For more referenced ASTM standards and similar testing, please follow the links below:
- ASTM D996 Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments
- ASTM D3580 Test Methods for Vibration (Vertical Linear Motion) Test of Products
- ASTM D4169 Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems