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Vibration Testing

ASTM D3580 Vibration Testing

ASTM D3580 sustainability lab testing determines the resonances of unpackaged products. As an ISTA and ISO 17025 certified lab, we realize the importance of ASTM D3580 vertical linear vibration testing. Meeting the ASTM D3580 requirements can be difficult. We understand the challenges and guide companies through the process.

Keystone Compliance has a reputation of helping customers achieve their package certifications. When packages do not meet the requirements, we assist with finding solutions. Our pricing is competitive and we offer volume discounts. Keystone’s proven process helps avoid product launch delays.

Request a quote to see why so many companies partner with Keystone Compliance. Contact us to receive more information on ASTM D3580 vibration testing.

Standard Test Methods for Vibration (Vertical Linear Motion) Test of Products

ASTM D3580 testing covers the determination of resonances of unpackaged products and components of unpackaged products. Since vibration damage is most likely to occur at product resonant frequencies, these resonances may be thought of as potential product fragility points. This ASTM standard is conducted by means of vertical linear motion at the surface on which the product is mounted for testing. Two alternate test methods are presented:

Test Method A—Resonance Search Using Sinusoidal Vibration

Test Method B—Resonance Search Using Random Vibration.

ASTM D3580 test labs such as Keystone Compliance provide information that may be used to examine the response of products to vibration for product design purposes. Compliance labs also examine designs of a container or interior package that will minimize transportation vibration inputs at these critical frequencies. However, this is generally when these product resonances are within the expected transportation environment frequency range. 

Scope of ASTM D3580 Transportation Compliance Testing

Information obtained from the ASTM D3580 testing lab from the optional test methods may be used to assess the fatigue characteristics of the resonating components and for product modification. This may become necessary if the response of a product would require design of an impractical or excessively costly shipping container.

The ASTM D3580 sustainability test program does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

During ASTM D3580 integrity testing, products are exposed to complex dynamic stresses in the transportation environment.

The determination of the resonant frequencies of the product may aid the packaging designer in determining the proper packaging system to provide adequate protection for the product, as well as providing an understanding of the complex interactions between the components of the product as they relate to expected transportation vibration inputs.

ASTM-D3580-1

Vertical Vibration Laboratory Testing Procedures

The D3580 ASTM vibration integrity test is performed in a conditioned environment or immediately upon removal from that environment.

The test specimen is first attached to the test surface, closest to the center of the table. This is done to prevent the apparatus from leaving or moving across the test surface during testing. Test intensities are completed at levels that determine if product resonances exist in the expected transportation environment.

Sinusoidal Vibration: A sweep is performed at the frequency range from 3 to 100 Hz and returned using an automatic or manual sweep. A constant acceleration level is then maintained. An Acceleration level between 0.25 and 0.5 g must be selected. Then, starting at 3 Hz, the frequency is varied at a continuous logarithmic rate. Any resonant is recorded.

Random Vibration: The vibration system is started in a way so that the PSD levels do not over shoot the desired spectrum startup. Next, the sequence is operated at a full test level for a time duration long enough for the control system to stabilize. The time is dependent upon the characteristics of the vibration test machine and control system, the setup, and the weight characteristics of the test specimen.

Expert ASTM D3580 Vertical Vibration Testing

Keystone Compliance can accommodate flexible and rigid packages of all sizes, including large pallets. Keystone also has a full lab of test equipment which permits us to provide short lead times on scheduling. Our team strives to give our customers more time and energy on product development instead of testing. 

Contact us to learn first hand why so many companies partner with Keystone to achieve their ASTM D3580 certification needs. Request a quote to receive ASTM package testing services customized to your specific needs.