ASTM D880 Impact Testing
ASTM D880 testing covers two procedures for conducting impact tests on loaded containers or shipping units. As an ISTA and ISO 17025 certified lab, we realize the importance of ASTM D880 impact testing. Meeting the ASTM D880 requirements can be difficult. We understand the challenges and guide companies through the process.
Keystone Compliance partners with customers to achieve package compliance. We provide comprehensive reports shortly after completion of the testing. When packages do not meet the requirements, we assist with finding solutions. Lastly, Keystone has a reputation of helping customers achieve their package certifications.
Summary of ASTM D880 Shipping Containers and Systems Testing
The ASTM D880 test standard has two procedures. Procedure A tests the ability of the shipping container to withstand impacts. Procedure B tests the ability of the shipping container to provide protection to the contents.
For Procedure B, the definition of shipping container includes the outer container as well as the interior packing.
ASTM D880 can be applied to a number of containers. These include but are not limited to bags, barrels, boxes, crates, drums, kegs, pails and sacks. The standard also allows for the testing of pallet loads and palletized units. Heavily loaded units can be tested to this standard.
Scope of ASTM D880 Impact Testing
Impacts are a common occurrence in transportation. Regardless of the method of shipment, air, sea, rail or over the road, impacts are common. Impacts can occur as containers are dropped from one surface to another. They also occur as containers are placed on top of each other. Impacts happen during normal actions, but can also happen by accident.
Significance of ASTM D880 Container Package Testing
An ASTM D880 test lab requires a different container setup based on the procedure being tested. In Procedure A, either the actual contents or dummy contents can be used in the container. For Procedure B, only the actual contents can be used. Regardless of the contents, the container should be strapped, closed and sealed as it would be when it is transported.
Upon completion of the testing, a test report is completed. The test report will contain the following general and specific information:
- Date, time, location and specific test engineer.
- Reference to the test standard and any deviations from the procedure.
- A description of the test specimen in sufficient detail for proper identification.
- A description of the contents.
- An identification of the purpose of the test.
- An identification of the apparatus used to complete the testing. This would include the angle of incline, when appropriate. The instrumentation used to include information on the last calibration. Details of any modification to either the test apparatus or instrumentation.
- The method of conditioning the container prior to testing.
- A description of the test sequence. Details of the impact velocity of each test. The orientation of the test specimen on the carriage. When necessary, the use of any hazards. If hazards are used, the dimensions, weight, material and location should be carefully specified.
- Details of any damage should be accurately included. If damage has occurred, the lab should note any observations that may assist in correctly interpreting the results. The test lab is also permitted and encouraged to include any recommendations for improving the design of the container, method of packing, blocking or cushioning.
Expert ASTM D880 Impact Package Testing
Keystone can accommodate flexible and rigid packages of all sizes, including large pallets. We have a full lab of test equipment which permits us to provide short lead times on scheduling. In addition to impact package testing, Keystone has a full scope of expertise including cold chain, sterile barrier, and vibration.
Request a quote to learn first hand why so many companies partner with Keystone to achieve their ASTM D880 certification needs.