ASTM D5487 Standard Test Method for Simulated Drop of Loaded Containers by Shock Machines
The scope of ASTM D5487 package testing covers the general procedures of using shock machines to replicate the effects of vertical drops of loaded shipping containers, cylindrical containers, and bags and sacks.
The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
Shipping containers and the interior packaging materials are used to protect their contents from the hazards encountered in handling, transportation, and storage. Shock is one of the more troublesome of these hazards. Free-fall drop testing, while easy to perform, often under stresses the test specimen by subjecting it to drops which are not perpendicular to the dropping surface.
An ASTM D5487 test lab initiates controlled shock input by shock machines providing a convenient method for evaluating the ability of shipping containers, interior packaging materials, and contents to withstand shocks. Simulated free-fall drop testing of package systems, which have critical elements, has produced good results where the frequency of the shock pulse is at least three times that of the package system’s natural frequency.
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