Amazon SIOC Type D Package Testing
Amazon created the Type D package testing test method to address LTL loads less than 100 pounds. LTL, means, less than a truckload. These are packages that are not transported through normal parcel delivery such as Amazon, UPS, FedEx or the US Mail. Even though these packages are LTL, the handling method is still the standard handling method.
The SIOC in the test standard refers to Ships In Own Container. These are products that are not placed in an Amazon box. Shipments in an Amazon box are called over-boxing. Amazon SIOC packages must be able to withstand the entire Amazon fulfillment process. This includes shipment from the manufacturer or distributor to the Amazon Fulfillment Center. It also includes shipment from Amazon to the customer location.
Package verification is required of most Amazon sellers and vendors. When applicable, sellers must submit package testing information through Amazon Seller Central. This information includes a test report from an Amazon certified package testing lab. Amazon certifies labs through its APASS network. To become certified, a lab must thoroughly comprehend the Amazon fulfillment packaging requirements.
Similar to sellers, Amazon enrollment of vendors often includes package certification. As part of this process, Amazon requires packages to meet strict guidelines. The package materials must largely be recycled materials. The package must be easy to open. Packaging must not add significant weight and dimensions to the product it is protecting. This is important to reducing waste. All of these requirements are part of the frustration-free packaging initiative. This is called Amazon FFP.
Package Testing Process
The testing protocol for Amazon Type D products involves several test sequences. These sequences were created through a partnership between Amazon and ISTA. ISTA is the International Safe Transit Authority. The official name of this standard is ISTA-6 Type D.
The first step of the testing is conditioning. All packages must be initially conditioned at ambient for 12 hours. Some packages are then either conditioned at hot or cold temperatures. This is a discretionary step and not a requirement for all packages. After conditioning, elongated packages go through a tip over test.
Elongated packages are defined as greater than or equal to 48 inches tall and any one base dimension less than one half the height. Another qualifier is packages greater than 30 inches tall and with a center of gravity vertical location greater than one half the package height
The next step of the testing is a free-fall drop. This includes six drops from 18 inches. Next is compression testing, including vertical and horizontal. Following compression is vibration. Vibration testing involves random vibration with a top load. Six more free-fall drops follow the vibration tests. Elongated and flat packages must then go through a full rotational drop test. A bridge impact test is required just for elongated packages.concentrated edge impact test is required for flat package only.
Upon completion of the APASS package testing, a test report is developed. That test report is then either submitted through Amazon vendor enrollment or to seller central.
Amazon Package Requirements
For packages to be eligible for certifications, they must meet certain requirements.
First, the package must be a rigid six-sided rectangular box. All open edges of the package must be sealed in such a way that it will remain intact throughout the entire shipping process. Staples are not permitted as a sealing method but can be used on the manufacturer glue joint. Any locking tabs must be sealed with tape or glue.
Package labels and markings must clearly identify the contents of the package and any special handling instructions Product to package ratio or the total cubic volume of the primary product and the pieces included that are necessary for the product to function.
Start the Certification Process
Are you ready to receive the benefits of a certified package? We are e-commerce package testing experts. Here are the steps to follow. If you know what you need, then request a quote from us. If you are unsure, contact us. We thoroughly understand the requirements. We also know that ASINs can be grouped to reduce testing. You might not need to test nearly as much as you think you do.
As a leader in Amazon package testing, we work with hundreds of companies each year to assist in their compliance testing needs. We look forward to working with you to help you certify your packages through our streamlined process.