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IEC 62321-4 Testing

Part 4: Mercury in polymers, metals and electronics by CV-AAS, CV-AFS, ICP-OES and ICP-MS

IEC 62321-4 Scope:

IEC 62321 4 and EN 62321 4 testing describes test methods for mercury in polymers, metals and electronics by CV-AAS, CV-AFS, ICP-OES and ICP-MS. This standard specifies the determination of the levels of mercury (Hg) contained in electrotechnical products. These materials are polymers, metals and electronics (e.g. printed wiring boards, cold cathode fluorescent lamps, mercury switches). Batteries containing Hg should be handled as described in [1]1. The interlaboratory study has only evaluated these test methods for plastics, other matrices were not covered.

EN 62321-4 refers to the sample as the object to be processed and measured. What the sample is or how to get to the sample is defined by the entity carrying out the tests. Further guidance on obtaining representative samples from finished electronic products to be tested for levels of regulated substances may be found in IEC 62321-2. It is noted that the selection and/or determination of the sample may affect the interpretation of the test results.

IEC 62321-4 describes the use of four methods, namely CV-AAS (cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometry), CV-AFS (cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry) ICP-OES (inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry), and ICP-MS (inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry) as well as several procedures for preparing the sample solution from which the most appropriate method of analysis can be selected by experts. Analysis by CV-AAS, CV-AFS, ICP-OES and ICP-MS allows the determination of the target element, mercury, with high precision (uncertainty in the low per cent range) and/or high sensitivity (down to the µg/kg level).

The test procedures described in this standard are intended to provide the highest level of accuracy and precision for concentrations of mercury in the range from 4 mg/kg to 1000 mg/kg. The procedures are not limited for higher concentrations. For direct analysis, using thermal decomposition-gold amalgamation in conjunction with CV-AAS (TD(G)-AAS) can be also applied for mercury analysis without sample digestion, although the detection limits are higher than other methods due to the reduced sample size.

Keystone Compliance assists manufacturers with IEC 62321-4 and EN 62321-4 test compliance. Please contact us for more information on how Keystone Compliance can assist you with identifying and fulfilling your IEC 62321-4 test lab needs.

Related Standards:

IEC 62321 Electro technical products – Determination of levels of six regulated substances (lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers)

IEC 62321-1 Introduction and overview

IEC 62321-2 Disassembly, disjunction and mechanical sample preparation

IEC 62321-3-1 Screening – Lead, mercury, cadmium, total chromium and total bromine using X-ray fluorescence spectrometry

IEC 62321-3-2 Screening – Total bromine in polymers and electronics by Combustion – Ion Chromatography

IEC 62321-5 Cadmium, lead and chromium in polymers and electronics and cadmium and lead in metals by AAS, AFS, ICP-OES and ICP-MS

IEC 62321-6 Polybrominated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in polymers by gas chromatography -mass spectrometry (GC-MS)

IEC 62321-7-1 Hexavalent chromium – Presence of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) in colorless and colored corrosion-protected coatings on metals by the colorimetric method