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Low Voltage Directive

The Low Voltage Directive covers electrical equipment equipment with a voltage between 50 and 1000 VAC for alternating current and between 75 and 1500 V for direct current. These voltage ratings refer to the voltage of the electrical input or output, not to voltages that may appear inside the equipment.The Low Voltage Directive has been in place since 1973 and was amended in 1993 to include the CE Marking.

The Low Voltage Directive is generally for household products, office and laboratory equipment. It is not for machinery or medical products and it does not cover components. Conversely, the Low Voltage Directive does address the emission of electromagnetic fields. It is primarily for products where hazards are primarily electrical in nature.

The purpose of the Low Voltage Directive is to ensureconsumer safety. The Low Voltage Directive covers all health and safety risks. Compliance is determined by the manufacturer through self-declaration, meaning that the manufacturer is responsible for compliance with all standards. Documented quality assurance is required.

Keystone Compliance assists manufacturers with the following steps of the Low Voltage Directive compliance process:

  1. Assessments of product designs
  2. Selection of standards
  3. Risk assessments
  4. Product testing
  5. Preparation of documentation:
    1. Test reports
    2. Risk assessment reports
    3. Technical File
  6. Review of safety compliance,
  7. Self-Declaration
  8. Market incident reports
  9. Coordination of complaint handling
  10. Low Voltage Directive product labeling compliance

Common Standards associated with the Low Voltage Directive include:

  • Information Technology Equipment EN60950-1
  • Laboratory Equipment EN61010-1 Audio Video Equipment EN60065
  • Household Appliances EN60335

Other common directives include:

  • RTTE Directive: For products connecting to the telephone network or containing radio transmitters.
  • Requirements for the Low Voltage Directive apply without minimum voltage limitations.
  • General Product Safety Directive: “Catch all” directive stating that all products must be safe.
  • Machinery Directive: For devices with hazards primarily mechanical in nature.
  • Medical Devices Directive: For medical devices.

Please contact us to discuss how we can assist you with your Low Voltage Directive needs.

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